What to visit in Slovakia?

Cities

Cities started to develop in the territory of Slovakia in the 11th and 12th centuries, and their importance increased especially with the advent of Tartars and the German colonization. XIII century There were thirty cities with various privileges. Urban growth was promoted by the development of crafts and trade. It especially accelerated in the 14th-15th centuries. on the development of mining.

In addition to the ancient cities of Bratislava, Kosice, Prešov, Trnava, Bardejov, new ones emerged – Banska Štiavnica, Banska Bystrica, Kremnica. XIX century in the middle of Slovakia there were 25 free cities with royal privileges and 227 other cities and towns. Industrial development, road construction has changed the image of the country. Some cities grew, others were dying. Now in 138 cities, the main centers of cultural and economic life, a large part of the population lives. In most cities there are remarkable architectural monuments, some of the old towns or parts of them are kept by the state.

Villages

How different is the development of rural settlements. Already in the Middle Ages, agriculture, forestry and fishing activities promoted the creation of such settlements in the lower reaches of rivers Vah, Nitra, Hron. Traditionally, such a settlement was formed around one or several farmsteads, where relatives of the inherited property settled. In the long run, the self-constructed settlements were set up to regulate the construction of the settlers, and the old co-villages became streets.

In the new settlement, the center of the main street was traversing, thus forming the square where the church was usually built. Such street streets have remained so far. True, they have grown considerably, sometimes even after a few thousand people. In the streets of the 16th-19th centuries spread out and monasteries, which now mostly have only recreational purposes.

Castles

Slovakia is famous for its castles. They have about 200 of them. In addition to the well-preserved castles and their ensembles, tourists are attracted by romantic or horror stories of castle ruins. Fortresses, castles, aristocratic palaces are built in different times.

The oldest fortresses are from the 9th to the 10th centuries, and from the 11th century. the construction of stone fortifications (for example, the Spis Castle, the Castle of Nitra), which flourished in the 13th century, was started. in the middle of the year, when the constant turmoil of the Turks forced the border areas of the King of Belial IV to be Hungarian. It was the Bela IV Order that built fortifications and fortified castles at the edges of the state along the main land and waterways (Plavec Castle, Strečno, Orava, Lubovna, Liptov’s Castles, etc.).

Later these castles and castles became the administrative centers of the regions. The fortified castles were built in cities (Zvolen, Kremnica, Banska Bystrica); One of their uses was also defense. XIV century. most of the castles began to be rebuilt – the Gothic penetrated into all Roman buildings, changing not only the interior but also the exterior.

The renaissance affected the palaces more and more – the castles became more cozy, more suitable for representation. Some of them have been restructured for residential use. In such castles, some noble families lived until the 20th century.

Even though none of the castles will offer you free spins slot games, In the dwelling castles, including the installation and arrangement of parks and terraces, you can see the traces of Baroque glamor and later fashionable styles. XVII-XVIII centuries the castle’s life declined. The economic situation of many aristocrats deteriorated, their castles passed from hand to hand, and their owners, in suspicion of hostility to the Habsburgs, were ordered to be burned or otherwise destroyed.

Churches

Churches were built in the LX-X century, the period of the Great Moravia. The oldest in Slovakia was a monotheistic church in Nitra and the Basilica in Bratislava (their surviving foundations). One of the oldest surviving churches is St. Church of St. George in Kostoliani near Tribec. The first churches were in a romantic style.

Gothic architecture has established itself in Bratislava and Kosice. Extraordinary St. Egidius Church in Bardejov. Preserved interesting gothic period wooden churches. Unknown architects in these structures were able to express the coherence of nature and man. There are so-called pagan churches. Its Greek crosses are located far from main roads and larger settlements (St. Cross Church in the village of Sveti Krizo, 10 km southwest from Liptovsky Mikulas, etc.). These churches did not have a bell tower, their facade was pushed back from the entrance to the village. The third type of wooden churches is found in eastern Slovakia. At first they belonged to the Greek Catholics, later they went to the Orthodox Church. They have unique iconostases of the Carpathian, Baroque and rococo icons.